"Geographical enquiry encourages questioning, investigation and critical thinking about issues affecting the world and..."
"Geographical enquiry encourages questioning, investigation and critical thinking about issues affecting the world and..."

The study of geography stimulates an interest in and a sense of wonder about places. It helps young people make sense of a complex and dynamically changing world.

It explains where places are, how places and landscapes are formed, how people and their environment interact, and how a diverse range of economies, societies and environments are interconnected. It builds on pupils’ own experiences to investigate places at all scales, from the personal to the global.

Geographical enquiry encourages questioning, investigation and critical thinking about issues affecting the world and people’s lives, now and in the future. Fieldwork is an essential element of this. Pupils learn to think spatially and use maps, visual images and new technologies, including geographical information systems (GIS), to obtain, present and analyse information. Geography inspires pupils to become global citizens by exploring their own place in the world, their values and their responsibilities to other people, to the environment and to the sustainability of the planet.

The Royal Geographical Society 


  • YEAR 7 TO 9
    • Hours per week: 2
    • Subject Code: 7Gg / 8Gg / 9Gg

    Course description

    The course is designed to ensure that students are fully aware of the issues that face ‘their’ World and ‘their’ future. It is designed to create not only a greater awareness of the geographical issues that the UK, South East Asia and Europe faces, but also the global issues of which we should all be concerned. Students will be encouraged to have a greater understanding of their local neighborhood, the physical geographical issues that we face in the Pacific Basin, and how these issues have been overcome. Globally they will look at the importance of world events such as the Olympics and how this can have a positive effect of the economy and citizens of the host country. Where possible, case studies from Hong Kong are used to illustrate a unit, and in line with the British National Curriculum Levels they will be required to have a sound knowledge of Human and Physical Geography of the UK.

    Students are taught through a range of different mediums and are required to use a range of skills including presentation, map construction, report and essay writing as well as a range of group and individual tasks. Every possible opportunity is taken to explore and use relevant and up to date case studies to enable students to have a greater awareness of current affairs. 2015-2016 is set to look at comparisons between the Asian 2004 Tsunami and the Japan 2011 Tsunami several years on, and the impact of global events such as the London 2012 and Rio 2016 Olympics. Any relevant current geographical affair that unfolds during the year will be incorporated into the schemes of work, with an enquiry based approach.

    Year 7 Units

    • What is the importance of Geography and how are you a global citizen?
    • Map Skills
    • Development and Food Miles
    • Weather and Climate
    • Microclimate Fieldwork

    Year 8 Units

    • Tourism: An In depth study of the growing importance of Tourism 
    • Rivers 
    • Natural Hazards: Focus on the Asian Tsunami
    • Ecosystems
    • Olympics: A Global Economic Phenomenon

    Year 9 Units: IGCSE Units

    • The Natural Environment, Theme 2:
    • Plate Tectonics focusing on Earthquakes and Volcanoes, Coasts, Rivers, Weather and Climate and the interrelationship between the natural environment and human processes
    • Advanced Geographical Map Skills


    Students will be assessed on a regular basis in a variety of formats to allow for differences in learning styles. Targets will be set on iLearn accordingly to ensure progression throughout the year. Students will be made aware of the level criteria in advance of each assessment in order to optimise the students’ achievement; these are also accessible on iLearn throughout the year.  Year Nine will have ongoing and regular IGCSE assessments, taken from past papers and will be issued GCSE grades for these, access to marking criteria is available through iLearn.

  • YEAR 10 AND 11

    Course Content:

    Through the IGCSE Geography syllabus, students will develop a 'sense of place' by looking at the world around them on a local, regional and global scale. Students will examine a range of natural and man-made environments, and learn about some of the processes which affected their development. They will also look at the ways in which people interact with their environment and the opportunities and challenges an environment can present, thereby gaining a deeper insight into the different communities and cultures that exist around the world. The students will build on work started in Year Nine.

    Year 10

    • Theme 1: Population Dynamics and Migration
    • Theme 1: Settlement – Coursework based on land use models and their application to a local context.
    • Extra Map and Examination Skills

    Year 11

    • Theme 3: Economic Development and the use of Resources.  To include Development, Tourism, Energy, Water, Agriculture, Industrial systems and Environmental risks and benefits.
    • Paper 2 Mapping and Graphing Skills
    • Revision

    Final Assessment

    Examination 72.5%

    Paper 1 (45% of total marks)Time: 1 hour 45 minutes

    Candidates answer any three questions out of six. There are two questions set on each of three themes. Questions are structured with gradients of difficulty and are resource-based, involving problem solving and free response writing. (75 marks, weighted to 100 marks)

    Paper 2 (27.5% of total marks)Time: 1hour 30 minutes

    Candidates answer all the questions. The paper is based on testing the interpretation and analysis of geographical information and on the application of graphical and other techniques as appropriate. The questions will not require specific information of place. One question is based on a 1:25 000 or 1:50 000 topographical map of a tropical area such as Zimbabwe, the Caribbean or Mauritius. (60 marks)

    Coursework - Geographical enquiry (27.5%)

    One school-based assignment of up to 2000 words. (60 marks). This is based on the settlement module, and looks at a transect from the Peak to Central to assess how well we can apply land-use models to Hong Kong.

  • YEAR 12 AND 13

    Course Content:

    Through the AQA Geography syllabus students will look at contemporary real-life issues in world Geography. As a highly dynamic and academic subject Geography demands people who are keen to find out how they interact with the world in which they live. Students are encouraged to make informed decisions and are made aware of the need to justify choices. The study of core geographical concepts along with contrasting themes will take place in Year 12, whilst Year 13 will adopt an issues based approach developing research and fieldwork skills further. Learning will take place through a range of mediums including presentations, group work, class discussion, and the completion of fieldwork investigating rivers and their processes in the Sai Kung region.  

    Year 12

    • Unit 1: Physical and Human Geography
      Core topics: Rivers, Floods and Management Population and Change
      Optional topics chosen: Costal Environments and Energy Issues
    • Unit 2: Geographical Skills
      The development of investigative skills and the assessment of fieldwork and data collection (based in the Sai Kung region) 

    Year 13

    • Unit 3: Contemporary Geographical Issues
      Including the study of Plate tectonics and associated hazards, World Cities and Development and Globalisation.
    • Unit 4B: Geographical Issue Evaluation
      Students receive an advanced information booklet of resources and must make informed choices on a  given issue drawing on their understanding of topics covered throughout their AS and A2 level study.

    Final Assessment

    AS Examinations

    • Examination 100%
    • Paper 1 Physical and Human Geography (70% of total marks)Time: 2 hour Candidates answer questions on two compulsory and two optional topics.  Each topic combines both short structured questions which are resource based and longer extended answers drawing on real-world case studies. (120 marks)
    • Paper 2 (30% of total marks)Time: 1hour Candidates answer all the questions. The paper is based on testing the interpretation and analysis of data and ability to recall and explain fieldwork technique. There is a combination of skills based questions and the need for specific analysis of data collected in the field. (50 marks)

     A2 Examinations

    • Examination 100%
    • Paper 3 Contemporary Geographical Issues (60% of total marks): 2hour 30 minutes Candidates complete questions on three of the six topics through a series of shorter question and extended answers. They are required to use a range of case studies including local, national and global examples to illustrate their points and must select one topic to write an extended essay on demonstrating more in depth knowledge and understanding.
    • Paper 4 Geographical Issue Evaluation (40% of total marks): 1hour 30 minutes Students receive an advanced information booklet at the end of March and must prepare this for the June examination. They will be required to refer to the resources in the booklet whilst considering how multiple parties e.g. individuals, local and national government could be affected by a specific issue.
"Geographical enquiry encourages questioning, investigation and critical thinking about issues affecting the world and..."